Good oral health is essential for the overall health of both mother and child.
You may experience some changes in your oral health during pregnancy. Pregnancy changes in your body can affect your gums and teeth.
Dental care during pregnancy is not only safe and effective, it’s essential for combating the adverse effects of oral disease.
During pregnancy, you have more blood flowing through your body, more acid in your mouth and rising hormone levels.
Pregnancy causes physical changes and due to a surge in hormones (estrogen and progesterone) can affect your body’s response to plaque or can exaggerate the way gum tissues react to plaque and can have a great effect on your oral health. Hormonal changes during pregnancy can result in several changes in the mouth.
If the plaque isn’t removed, it can cause gingivitis -red, swollen, tender gums that are more likely to bleed. This “pregnancy gingivitis” affects most women during pregnancy. If you already have gingivitis, the condition is likely to worsen during pregnancy.
Dentists in India are educating patients about the importance of cleaning to treat pregnancy gingivitis.
Patients tend to delay the treatment of oral disease due to concerns for fetal safety.
Routine dental treatment can be performed safely at any time during pregnancy. Untreated dental disease can lead to pain, infections and unnecessary exposure to medications, any of which could harm the developing fetus.
Poor oral health also can affect the nutritional intake of expectant mothers, which is essential for fetal growth and survival.
Dentists have the ability to maintain the oral health of expectant mothers by treating the dental findings that are common during pregnancy.
Pregnancy does not automatically damage your teeth. However, the demands of pregnancy can lead to particular dental problems in some women. With proper hygiene at home and professional help from your dentist, your teeth should remain healthy throughout pregnancy.
Dentists in Delhi encourage women to get dental care while pregnant. It is a crucial period of time in a woman’s life and maintaining oral health is directly related to good overall health.
Dental disease can affect a developing baby or baby’s teeth
Studies show a link between preterm, low-birth weight babies and gum disease in pregnant women. Excessive bacteria can enter the bloodstream through your gums. If this happens, the bacteria can travel to the uterus, triggering the production of chemicals called prostaglandins, which are suspected to induce premature labor.
Taking good care of your gums and teeth and appropriate dental treatment during pregnancy may reduce the risk of premature birth and can help you and your baby be healthy.
What are signs and symptoms of dental health problems during pregnancy?
Some dental health problems during pregnancy include
How can you help prevent dental health problems during pregnancy?
Are there any dental procedures I should avoid during pregnancy?
Get regular dental checkups before and during pregnancy. If you are planning to become pregnant or suspect you are pregnant, you should see a dentist right away. If you haven’t been to the dentist recently, see your dentist early in pregnancy. Dental checkups during pregnancy are important so that your dentist can find and treat dental problems.
Otherwise, you should schedule a checkup in your first trimester for a cleaning. Regular teeth cleanings also help control plaque, prevent tooth decay and gum problems. Dentist may avoid treating some problems in the first trimester of pregnancy because this is an important time in your baby’s growth and development.
Your dentist will assess your oral condition and map out a dental plan for the rest of your pregnancy. A visit to the dentist also is recommended in the second trimester for a cleaning, to monitor changes and to gauge the effectiveness of your oral hygiene.
Non-emergency procedures can safely be performed throughout pregnancy, but the best time for any dental treatment is the fourth through six months. Dentists in India make sure dental treatment/cleaning of gums for pregnant women is done in their second trimester as it is the safest.
Only X-rays that are needed for emergencies should be taken during pregnancy. Elective procedures that can be postponed should be delayed until after the baby’s birth if you’ve had a miscarriage in the past, or if you’re at higher risk of miscarriage than other women. Miscarriage is when a baby dies in the womb before 20 weeks of pregnancy.
In dental clinics in India pregnant and lactating women are given special chair during treatment.
You are less likely to have dental problems during pregnancy if you already have good oral hygiene habits.
Posted By – Dr. Shriya