Have you seen a bit of blood in your sink when you brush your teeth lately? The bleeding can be one of the first warning signs that you have a gum disease.
Gum disease is not at all uncommon. In fact, 70 percent of people develop gum disease during their lifetime. While gum disease is more prevalent in elder people, this is not simply an unavoidable part of aging. There are many things that you can do to prevent and treat gum disease. Understanding gum disease and taking the proper precautions now will go a long way toward protecting your health.
Gum disease is an infection of the tissues (gums) that hold your teeth in place. As the plaque builds up at the base of the tooth, it begins to grow beneath the gum line. Over time, untreated gum disease can cause permanent damage to the gum tissue and may eventually result in a tooth loss.
There are two primary types of gum diseases. The first is called as gingivitis which is milder form of the disease. You may have gingivitis without any discomfort or noticeable symptoms. This is why it is important to see your dentist on a regular basis. Though you may not see the signs of gum disease, the dentist will.
The second form is called Periodontitis, which is a more severe form of gum disease that may develop when gingivitis goes untreated. When you have gingivitis, only your gums are infected. If it goes untreated the infection can travel below your gum line and into your bone. Then it becomes a more serious form of gum disease called periodontitis.
Gum disease is caused by plaque buildup that typically results from poor oral hygiene. The most effective way to prevent gum disease is by brushing at least twice a day and flossing regularly. This removes plaque from your teeth. You should also see your dentist at least twice a year for a professional cleaning. During this appointment, your dentist will remove both plaque and a form of hardened plaque known as tartar which cannot be removed by at-home brushing and flossing.
There are several factors that may increase your risk of developing gum disease. These include:
Since gum disease takes time to develop, it is naturally more prevalent in older people. As you get older, this is something you should always keep in mind.
Roughly 20 per cent of individuals have an undiagnosed disease of the gums. Treatment for gum disease is more difficult as the condition and the age progresses. The sooner your gum disease is diagnosed, the better your chances of resolving the problem.
There are some symptoms you can look out for that will alert you to potential gum disease. Common signs of gum disease include:
Gum disease develops slowly. If you are not mindful of your habits, you may be creating an environment that is highly conducive to gingivitis or periodontitis. You are increasing your chances of developing gum disease as you age if you:
Changing your habits in these areas can lead to better dental health. This is particularly important for seniors. Poor dental health does not only impact your teeth but can have an effect on the overall health of the body as well.
Untreated gum disease can lead to bone loss around the teeth which is a cause of tooth loss. Although there are many options such as implants and dentures to help you compensate for lost teeth these can come with high costs and potentially painful procedures. The best way to preserve your ability to eat, talk, and smile comfortably is to take good care of your natural teeth.
Gum disease is also linked to many other health problems. If you have a weak immune system, the bacteria in your mouth can travel to other parts of the body and increase your risk of heart disease or stroke. If you have diabetes, gum disease can make this condition worse.
There are several ways of reducing your chance of having gum disease as you age.
There are many treatment options offered now days by the dental clinics in India for the treatment of gum disease in seniors that can help you manage this condition and minimize the long-term damage.
During this procedure the gums are lifted back and the tartar is removed. In some cases, irregular surfaces of the damaged bone are smoothed to limit areas where disease-causing bacteria can hide.
This procedure involves using fragments of your own bone, synthetic bone, or donated bone to replace bone destroyed by gum disease. The grafts serve as a platform for the regrowth of bone, which restores stability of the teeth.
Lasers use tiny beams of light to eradicate harmful bacteria. Laser technology demonstrates positive effects on decreasing bacteria, removing calculus, assisting in tissue reattachment, and bio stimulation for better healing of the gums.
This is the latest and upcoming technique to treat periodontal disease which is used by only some of the dentists in India.
In most patients, the nonsurgical procedure of scaling and root planning is all that is needed to treat gum diseases. Surgery is needed when the tissue around the teeth is unhealthy and cannot be repaired with nonsurgical options.
Always schedule a regular appointment with your dentist to screen properly for gum disease. If you start to notice symptoms of gum disease between regular cleanings make an appointment to have this problem addressed right away, so you can catch it early and prevent further complications.
Posted by :- Dr Sonam