Gum disease is a very common condition and varies widely in severity where the gums around the teeth become swollen, sore or infected.
It is an infection of the tissues that surround and support your teeth and is most commonly a result of poor oral hygiene. It is a major cause of tooth loss in adults. Because gum disease is usually painless, you may not know you have it. If you have gum disease, your gums may bleed when you brush your teeth and you may have bad breath.
Our mouth is full of bacteria that combine with saliva to constantly form a sticky film known as plaque, which builds up on your teeth. When you consume food and drink high in carbohydrates (sugary or starchy foods), bacteria in plaque turn carbohydrates into the energy they need, producing acid at the same time. Over time, acid in plaque begins to break down your tooth’s surface and causes tooth decay.
Gum disease starts when food debris mixes with saliva and bacteria-forming plaque that sticks on the surfaces of teeth. Plaque is usually easy to remove by brushing and flossing your teeth. Plaque that is not removed can harden and can become mineralized and form a substance called Tartar or Calculus. Tartar sticks much more firmly to teeth than plaque and is very hard that brushing doesn’t clean and can only be removed by a professional dental cleaning. This bacterial growth of dental plaque and tartar is harmful for the health of the gums. The longer plaque and tartar are on teeth, the more harmful they become. If they are not removed from teeth, it builds up and they will begin to irritate the gums and can cause the gums to separate from the teeth. This can lead to redness with bleeding, inflammation and soreness. This early stage of inflammation of the gums caused by bacteria is known as Gingivitis. It is a mildest form of gum disease that can usually be reversed with daily brushing and flossing, and professional cleaning by a dentist. Although the gums may be irritated, the teeth are still firmly planted in their sockets. This form of gum disease does not include any loss of bone or tissue damage that hold teeth in place. At this stage the person should visit a dentist. Infact dental clinics in Delhi like ours ie ‘Smile Delhi-The Dental Clinic’ are making it a norm to remind their patients to come for a six monthly check and clean, as gum problems remain silent for a long time. General dentists in Delhi are able to treat this problem.
Other bacteria in plaque can also irritate your gums, making them inflamed and sore.
If left untreated, gingivitis will often extends from the gums to the bone. With time, plaque can spread and grow below the gum line and an advanced gum disease called Periodontitis (inflammation around the tooth) can develop. It is a serious disease that affects more tissues and structures and results in major damage to the soft tissues and bone, that support and surround the teeth which includes the gums, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. Specialist dentists in Delhi , ie periodontists help treat this condition of periodontitis very proficiently. In our clinic the gum specialists have helped salvage some moving teeth also and increased their life.
If periodontitis is not treated, the underlying bone in the jaw below the gums gets damaged, inflamed or infected. Small spaces can open up between the gum and teeth and the gums start to recede or pull away from the teeth and form deep gum pockets. The body’s immune system fights the bacteria as the plaque spreads and grows below the gum line. These pockets collect plaque as they are very difficult to keep clean. Toxins produced by the bacteria in plaque irritate the gums and the body’s natural response to infection start to break down the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place. As the disease progresses into later stages, the pockets deepen and more gum tissue and bone tissue are destroyed. When this happens, teeth are no longer anchored in place, they may become loose and eventually fall out and may also lead to other health problems.
Gingivitis is not the same thing as periodontitis. Gingivitis (gum inflammation) usually precedes periodontitis (gum disease which has spread to the underlying bone from the gums). Although sometimes a person may be affected by both. Dentists in Delhi and dentists in India, have been providing quality gum treatment so not all gingivitis progresses to periodontitis
Whether your gum disease is stopped, slowed, or gets worse depends a great deal on how well you care for your teeth and gums every day.
Causes/Risk factors of gum disease?
Gum disease can be caused by a number of factors, but poor oral hygiene is the most common cause. Poor oral hygiene habits, infrequent or no dental care such as not brushing and flossing your teeth properly or on a daily basis, can cause plaque to build up on your teeth by allowing bacteria in plaque and calculus to remain on the teeth and infect the gums and thus make it easier for gingivitis to develop.
Plaque is the primary cause of gum disease.
But there are other factors that contribute to gum disease and can affect the health of your gums.
Warning signs or symptoms
Gum disease may progress painlessly, producing few obvious signs, even in the late stages of the disease. Although the symptoms of periodontal disease often are subtle, the condition is not entirely without warning signs. Sometimes patients have come to us for some other dental treatment and the dentists in our clinic have pointed out the gum disease they are suffering from. Dentists in dental clinics in Delhi and in Dental Clinics in India have helped patients in the diagnosis of some systemic problems like diabetes due to the symptoms their gums may be showing. A person with gingivitis will typically have one or more of the following signs and symptoms-
Dentists in both dental clinics in Delhi and dental clinics in India , are
1- Helping to educate patients about gum disease to prevent onset
2- Treating the already established gum diseases
Thus the life span of natural teeth has increased.
Posted By – Dr. Shriya