MINI IMPLANTS FOR ANCHORAGE IN ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT
A recent development in Orthodontics is the use of ‘mini implants.’. They were introduced at the beginning of the 21st century. They are also called, “Temporary Anchorage Devices” (TADS). These are pins made of titanium, about 1.5 to 2 mm wide.These mini implants are becoming an intrinsic part of progressive specialized orthodontic practice. The expertise of the Orthodontist with mini implants is a factor which influences the final result.
- They are placed strategically, so that they move the teeth without compromising the position of the teeth, which do not need to be moved.They provide precise tooth movements, by acting as non-moveable anchorage units.
- The results have a predictable amount of success, and they help reduce the time of treatment. They have converted certain cases involving orthognathic/ jaw surgeries into non surgical cases; they have converted certain bite problems by treating them conservatively. They also help in retraction of protruding teeth.
- The displacement of the back molars is prevented, and maximum use of the orthodontic spaces takes place.
- In some cases their use has eliminated the need for external headgear to be worn by children
- They are temporary and are removed once no further tooth movement is required. Their removal is a simple process.
- The patient should be careful about keeping them clean in the mouth. They are kept clean by using an antiseptic mouthwash eg chlorhexidine or a manual brush. Electric brushes are to be avoided.