Areas below the gum line, where gum tissue has detached from the teeth, are not accessible to clean, and so harmful bacteria can easily proliferate. These bacteria cause inflammation of the tissues, resulting in sensitivity, bleeding, and pain. You could even begin losing teeth.
Flap surgery is not a cure for advanced gum disease, but rather creates an environment that helps maintain your gum health. It treats tissue loss by eliminating diseased tissue.
The Dentist will raise a section of your gums to access the affected tissue so that the root of the tooth is exposed. This begins the healing process, which takes place rapidly. The gums are then secured back into place, and all healthy tissue is conserved. This approach allows:
- Removal of inner diseased tissue lining the inflamed gum tissue.
- Complete cleaning of the root surfaces of the teeth which helps to eliminate harmful plaque and tartar.
- Repairs the damaged bone and surrounding tissues reducing/ eliminating mobility.